In 1846 some members of Salem at Alps came to Mount Calvary because of the temperance issue. In 1854 Andrew S. Broaddus, nephew of Andrew Broaddus I, led a wagon train of 200 people from the Sparta area to Texas. Two years later the remaining members of Mount Calvary dissolved their constitution and joined with the Salem group near Alps. They met at the Salem Meeting House on the second Saturday and Sunday, and the Mount Calvary Meeting House on the fourth Sunday.
1865 marked the end of the Civil War and members of Salem helped their black members establish Jerusalem Baptist Church in 1866. Jerusalem is off the Newtown Road about two miles south of Sparta.
In 1869 members began to use the better meeting house in Sparta exclusively and three years later the name was changed from Mount Calvary to Salem. In 1912 Sunday School rooms were added.